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The Relationship Between Science and Religion

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I. A brief introduction of the relationship II. Historical conflict theses 1. Galileo Affair 2. Monkey Trial III. The harmonious relationship IV. Conclusions

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Definition: a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.

Definition: a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe. Contribution: a. giving us a basis for thinking, and a basis for acting. b. giving us an understanding of nature, of ourselves and other beings.

The kinds of interactions: by John Polkinghorne 1) conflict between the disciplines, 2) independence of the disciplines, 3) dialogue between the disciplines where they overlap, 4) integration of both into one field.

I. Galileo Affair Main character: Galileo Time: 1632-1633 Book: Dialogue concerning the Two Chief World Systems Theoretical trigger: sun was at the center of the universe

In 1543
Sun is at the center of the universe Earth is at the center of the universe

science

religion

Nicolaus Copernicus
(哥白尼)

VS

De revolutionibus orbium coelestiu

II. Monkey Trial Main character: John Scopes Time: 1925 Theoretical trigger: evolution

In 1859, Charles Darwin published his Origin of Species, which proved that the religious concept of God created human was completely wrong.

Opinion: no conflict between their faith and science Typical representative: Biologist Stephen Jay Gould(1941-2002) Theologian Francis Collins(1950- ) Historian Thomas Berry(1914-2009)

Science and religion generally pursue knowledge of the universe using different methodologies.
reason, empiricism, evidence. revelation, faith, sacredness. Many well-known historical scientists also were Christians and they believed that religion gave them inspirations. For example, Copernicus ,Galileo and Einstein were all Christian but they also made great contributions to science.

Material world

Spiritual world

Albert Einstein

*Believing in a religion reasonably *Solving problems easily with scientific method *Both them making our world better and happier




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